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the Site

A research centre for the development of alternate energy systems with a national outlook would require infrastructure facilities like efficient telecommunication, a software base, access and contact with all parts of the country, in addition to the basic services such as water supply, drainage, electricity, sewage disposal, etc. One of the important subsidiary functions of the research centre would be dissemination of energy related information among the community and raising the general level of energy consciousness among the people. This is critical because lack of awareness is one of the most important reasons for the dearth of interest in energy saving and the adoption of cleaner, ‘greener’ technologies.

MAHARASHTRA - Energy concerns in growth and development
Maharashtra is one of the largest and most industrialised states in India. It also boasts the highest rate of urbanisation in the country with 38.73% of its population living in urban areas. Mumbai is the largest city in the country and also the commercial capital. The urban population is poised for more growth with the development of new towns like Navi Mumbai and also Pune. Greater commercial activity means increased consumption of energy and further development can only add to this.
In spite of the presence of this large urban population, there exists little awareness about the energy situation and ways and methods of energy conservation. Information regarding energy and data required for energy conscious design is not easily available even in the Metros. The Maharashtra Energy Development Agency (MEDA), set up for the promotion of alternate energy systems, is little known in the state and very limited in its activities. Compare this with the Gujarat Energy Development Agency (GEDA), based in Baroda which is a household name in the state with activities ranging from encouragement of development of alternate energy systems, subsidies for the setting up of such systems and the publication of energy related information and the latest developments. This has led to greater awareness in Gujarat about the use of alternate energy systems. An effort at this level is also required in Maharashtra to increase public awareness and acceptance of alternate energy systems. The popularisation of energy conscious design of buildings is of great importance as they are major energy guzzlers, accounting for almost 20% of the total consumption of energy.
In addition, Maharashtra lies in a zone with sufficient solar radiation for the efficient collection of solar energy and the development of its applications. The development of municipal level biogas and biomass plants will be a boon to the state, turning garbage into gold; i.e. fuel.

Pune

18deg 32’ N,  73deg 51’ E
The urban population in Maharashtra is concentrated around the Metro cities of Mumbai and Pune. Pune has the infrastructure and facilities to support a project of this nature without the congestion and space constraints of Mumbai. It is also a city known for its industrial and institutional facilities. Although the research centre is envisaged at the national level, its most immediate influence will be felt in the vicinity itself. With Pune being seen as an alternative to Mumbai (the new expressway will reduce travel time between Mumbai and Pune to just 3 hours), and the city continuously expanding in both population and industrial activity, the scope for influencing the city’s future energy consumption characteristics is enormous.

SITE REPORT

LOCATION
The site is located within the Pune University campus situated along Aundh road. The campus contains a number of educational as well as research facilities in green surroundings. The site is situated opposite side of I.U.C.A.A. with a sports ground across the road.

TOPOGRAPHY
The site is situated on flat land measuring approximately 3 hectares. The site has a number of short trees growing on it along with moderately thick ground cover. The Mutha left canal flows through the site but it has now been reduced to a very narrow flow only during the monsoons.

CLIMATE
Pune is situated on the banks of the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers, at an altitude of over 1800 ft. above sea level.

CLIMATIC CHART

Temperature

 Mean monthly max.  C Mean monthly min.  C Mean highest of month  C  Mean lowest of month C
J
30.3
M
37.1
A
27.6
N
30.1
J
1.7
M
22.4
A
21.4
N
14.7
J
32.8
M
40.9
A
30.3
N
32.7
J
8.2
M
19.1
A
19.4
N
9.9

Rainfall

Relative Humidity (%) MeanVapour pressure (m.b) Mean monthly rainfall(mm)
Morning Evening    
J
69 
M
61
A
84
N
76
J
25
M
32
A
74
N
35
J
10.3 
M
18.4
A
23.2
N
14.2
J
1.5
M
26.9
A
90.2
N
27.4

Wind

Wind direction Mean monthly wind speed(km/hr.)
Morning Evening   
J
C/S
M
W/NW
A
W/SW 
N
C/E 
J
C/W 
M
W/NW
A
W/NW
N
C/E
J
5.95
M
14.64
A
14.32
N
5.95

Solar data

june  may-july mar-sep apr-aug feb-oct  jan-nov dec
Az. Alt. Az. Alt. Az. Alt. Az. Alt. Az. Alt. Az. Alt. Az. Alt.
5 p.m. 288 21 286 22 278 20 268 15 257 8 248 5 243 5
4 p.m 285 35 283 36 274 34 262 29 251 22 242 18 236 17
3 p.m 284 48 280 50 270 48 256 43 244 35 234 30 228 29
2 p.m 285 62 289 64 264 62 245 56 222 40 232 40 215 39
1 p.m 292 76 286 77 251 76 225 68 214 57 206 49 198 45
12noon 12 85 58 86 154 85 180 74 185 62 184 50 180 48
11 a.m 69 74 76 73 102 72 134 68 154 60 160 51 158 45